Goal 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure


Investments in industry, infrastructure and innovation are crucial drivers of economic growth and development. With over half the world population now living in cities, mass transport and renewable energy are becoming ever more important, as are the growth of new industries and information and communication technologies.

Technological progress is also key to finding lasting solutions to both economic and environmental challenges, such as providing new jobs and promoting energy efficiency. Promoting sustainable industries, and investing in scientific research and innovation, are all important ways to facilitate sustainable development.

More than 4 billion people still do not have access to the Internet, and 90 percent are from the developing world. Bridging this digital divide is crucial to ensure equal access to information and knowledge, as well as foster innovation and entrepreneurship.

Since independence, manufacturing has registered painfully slow and sometimes negative growth in most Arab countries. Economic growth in the region remains predominantly dependent on oil and gas with relatively low level of economic diversification. In 2011, fuel exports amounted to 69.2 percent of the region’s exports.

Facts and figures

2.3 billion

Worldwide, 2.3 billion people lack access to basic sanitation.

40%

In some low-income African countries, infrastructure constraints cut businesses’ productivity by around 40 percent.

2.6 billion

2.6 billion people in developing countries do not have access to constant electricity.

90%

More than 4 billion people still do not have access to the Internet; 90 percent of them are in the developing world.

2.3 million

The renewable energy sectors currently employ more than 2.3 million people; the number could reach 20 million by 2030.

30%

In developing countries, barely 30 percent of agricultural products undergo industrial processing, compared to 98 percent high-income countries.

  • Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all

  • Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries

  • Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets

  • By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities

  • Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending

  • Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States 18

  • Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities

  • Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020
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