How we do business
UNDP/PAPP’s procurement unit manages the overall process of acquiring goods, civil works and services, which includes all functions from the identification of needs, selection and solicitation of sources, preparation and award of contract, and all phases of contract administration through the end of a services’ contract. The procurement unit uses a variety of procurement methods for the solicitation and tendering of goods, civil works and/or services, depending on the type of good or service being procured as well as its value. Some of the methods used include:
Request for Quotation: A Request for Quotation (RFQ) is used for the procurement of goods, services and/or civil works where the contract value is between USD 5000 and USD 100,000. Quotations are evaluated amongst a minimum of three responsive and qualified offers, upon which an award is made to the lowest priced acceptable offer.
Invitation to Bid: An Invitation to Bid (ITB) is generally used for the procurement of goods valued at USD 100,000 or more; or where technical approaches to the relevant project or the management/supervision of a project activity are not requested of prospective Vendors. ITBs may also apply for the procurement of civil works or services, which can be quantitatively and qualitatively expressed. Quotations are evaluated amongst a minimum of three responsive and qualified offers, upon which an award is made to the lowest priced acceptable offer.
Request for Proposals: A Request for Proposal (RFP) is recommended for all contracts exceeding USD 100,000 where the desired inputs and/or outputs cannot quantitatively and qualitatively be expressed in sufficient details at the time the invitation is made. Similarly, proposals are evaluated amongst a minimum of three responsive and qualified offers received in accordance to the two-envelope method, upon which award is made to the proposal that is most responsive to the specified requirements, including price and other factors.
Micro Purchasing: Micro Purchasing is a procurement method based on the comparison of informal price quotes obtained from potential Suppliers to assure best value for money, and is an appropriate method for the procurement of readily available off-the shelf goods or standard specification commodities valued less than USD 5000, or simple civil works also valued less than USD 5000.