Community Resilience and Development Programme (CRDP)
The CRDP programme is designed to address the challenges and development needs of communities living in Area C and East Jerusalem. Its objective is to empower local stakeholders, through the most suitable partners, to respond with resilience to threats that affect their sustenance on the land. To this end, the programme will contribute to:
- Preventing the erosion of living conditions of Palestinians in Area C and East Jerusalem that undermine their development capital
- Protecting Palestinian land and property in Area C and East Jerusalem; and
- Mitigating and ideally reversing migration flow from Area C and East Jerusalem by enhancing human security and livelihood of Palestinians.
The CRDP, in its fourth year, is the result of a fruitful partnership led by the Palestinian Government, funded by the Governments of Sweden, Austria and Norway and implemented by UNDP’s Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People (UNDP/PAPP).
The Programme will facilitate a complementary approach and a transition process from humanitarian interventions towards development and will build initiatives that are of a development nature, but are currently not taking place in Area C and East Jerusalem.
The programme will be implemented by a wide array of partners, including communities, grassroots organizations, local and international NGOs, based on their respective merits, and according to locally designed plans. It will focus on improving public and social infrastructure, access to and protection of natural resources, enhancing economic opportunities and upholding the rights of Palestinian citizens.
Addressing the needs of Palestinians living in Area C and East Jerusalem is essential for their wellbeing and social development. Responding to the needs of the population will enable them to achieve their primary goal to safeguard their livelihoods and stay on their land. The development potential of Area C is critical to the viability of the Palestinian State – an imperative acknowledged by a growing number of actors, including the Palestinian Government, UN, EU, AHLC and the Quartet.
Challenges and Constraints
1. Ongoing constraints imposed by the Israeli occupation (including permit regime, demolition of houses and tents, confiscation of vehicles, harassment by soldiers and settlers etc...) that disrupt long-term interventions.
2. Weak coordination among development and humanitarian actors in Area C and East Jerusalem.
3. Planning of adequate interventions based on national priorities.
- Public and social infrastructure: around 3,500 students directly benefited from improved educational facilities and school units in Area C and East Jerusalem. This comes as a result of the rehabilitation and renovation of 70 school units in various locations.
- In Area C, 93 communities have improved access to health services through the provision of ophthalmic care and the rehabilitation of health clinics to be more accessible for people with special needs. Around 6,423 vulnerable patients received eye screening, 57% were females. In Jerusalem, activities targeting the health care sector included raising the awareness of around 2000 health care providers and volunteers in public health, first aid and disaster risk reduction to be on call in times of hardships. Additionally, 251 un-insured Jerusalemite patients received coverage of their medical needs.
- Social and cultural infrastructure: 11,250 people benefited from improved social infrastructure and activities in East Jerusalem.
- Housing: a total of 144 residential structures benefiting around 1,000 people have been rehabilitated in 9 communities in Area C. Additionally, in East Jerusalem, a total of 12 land parcels have been surveyed and data gathered into a full database in order to utilise lands in East Jerusalem. This exercise aims at facilitating collective development in which multiple households built together in order to offer housing at a reduced cost of up to 20% lower than market rates. Three housing cooperatives, with a total of 126 members, where also established in East Jerusalem to offer housing for around 585 people through registration (in process) and eventually construction of 542 housing units.
- Energy: a total of 1,690 people in 12 communities in Area C have access to renewable energy through the provision of solar panel units to 196 households. This resulted in 68% decrease in time women spend daily on milk shaking, increased studying hours by 3 hours daily during night, and has also contributed to the improvement of families’ wellbeing and social cohesion.
- Protection of and improvement of natural resources: access to water has been improved in 35 communities in Area C and the Seam Zone by the rehabilitation of 160 water cisterns, connection of 28 km of water network, increase in the storage capacity of 4 springs, and transfer of 3 diesel operated wells into electric pumping. In addition, access to land and agricultural based businesses have been enhanced through the rehabilitation of 2,029 dunums of land and construction of 33.4 km of agricultural roads in 25 communities in Area C and the Seam Zone. More than 1,500 dunums of additional land is being rehabilitated as a result of the construction of agricultural roads.
- Economic opportunities for Palestinians: a total of 408 households in Area C and East Jerusalem, primarily women headed, have been supported to improve their income by a variety of interventions namely improving their skills in sewing, design and embroidery, as well as provision of business start-up kits and micro business opportunities.
- Promotion of Palestinians’ rights: around 700 members in 12 communities in Area C and East Jerusalem participated in 9 initiatives and campaigns promoting human rights, advocacy, community participation and mobilization.
Finances and Delivery
|Amount Contributed Per Year (USD)|
|Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)
|Austrian Development Agency (ADA)||0||USD 1,303,781
|Government of Norway
|UK’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO)||0