6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where we are?

The protection of the environment in the occupied Palestinian territory occupies an important place in the national policies agenda, which focuses on the need to work to protect the environment and ensure its sustainability for future generations. The agenda in this area focuses on halting the pollution of water and soil, economizing the use of water by reusing or recycling it, the treatment of sewage and the regeneration of nature reserves, the coast and other areas. However, Palestinian capacity to protect and sustain the environment remains limited due to Israeli control over the majority of Palestinian land, including nature reserves, forests and agricultural land and Palestinian water resources. Since Palestinians do not control these resources, it is a significant challenge to Palestinian efforts to protect the environment.

The occupied Palestinian territory has achieved substantial progress in the legal environment pertaining to the protection of the environment and policies for environmental protection have been prepared in cooperation and coordination with all ministries. Several sub-strategies have also been drawn up, such as the solid waste strategy and the comprehensive plan on dangerous waste, an emergency plan to protect nature, and the national strategy to fight desertification and adapt to climate change.

UNDP's work in the occupied Palestinian territory

  • Fatheya using the solar powered oven to dry the fruits and herbs before selling them to local markets, Gaza

    Harnessing the sun in Gaza

    It is around noon and Fatheya el Braim is taking dozens of cookies from a clay oven in her backyard. The cookies are coated in sesamemore

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  • A 3,000-cubic-metre water tank is now serving more than 50,000 residents of Rafah in the occupied Palestinian territory. (Photo: UNDP/PAPP)

    In Gaza, safe water supply changes lives

    Water is scarce in the occupied Palestinian territory and supplies barely meet the needs of the Palestinian people. More than 13 percent of the population currentlymore

Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums