6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Where we are?
The national policies agenda focuses on the importance of improving community health on a sustained basis despite the great challenges faced by the Palestinian health sector from restrictions imposed by the Israeli occupation that prevent all citizens from equal access to health care services. Nevertheless, the occupied Palestinian territory has been able to achieve significant progress in primary health care services, including providing vaccines to all children, building and developing primary health care centres and improving secondary and tertiary health care services. the occupied Palestinian territory looks forward to further progress in this field, especially in areas most affected by the Israeli occupation, in regard to women and children and in some communicable diseases.
With regard to communicable diseases, data from the Ministry of Health show that there were 72 cases of HIV disease (AIDS) in 2011. Although the number is low compared with rates in other countries, the fight against this disease remains a priority due to population movements and the presence of workers employed in the Israeli labor market. The Palestinian priority is to prevent the spread of this disease due to its dire effects on the health of individuals and on society in general. Limited public awareness of prevention methods highlights the need for caution. Data have shown that only 58.8% of young men (aged 15-29) and 35.4% of women in the same age group are aware of at least three methods of preventing the spread of HIV.
The national priorities also include work to combat the spread of tuberculosis. Although this disease is not widespread and affects 0.40 cases for every 100,000 citizens, the risks associated with this disease require the provision of measures to prevent its spread and public awareness of methods to prevent it. Hepatitis is also present in Palestine and affected 25 of every 100,000 individuals in 2010: 27.8 in the West Bank and 20.8 in the Gaza Strip.Action is required to combat this disease and prevent its spread.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG6
- Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
- HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
- Condom use at last high-risk sex
- Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
- Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
- Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
- Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs